What Causes Poor Posture

Poor posture can result from a combination of 5 reasons:

  1. Central nervous system disorders,

  2. Peripheral nervous system disorders,

  3. Eye problems,

  4. Ear problems,

  5. Musculoskeletal system problems.

In terms of Chiropractic, chiropractors focus more on the musculoskeletal system and its relation to the nervous system. Many musculoskeletal problems can affect posture, but in terms of the effects of posture, the most common problem is deconditioning of the muscular system. Holding the body in the wrong position over a long period of time can result in muscle weakness in certain areas. Eventually this can cause excessive stresses and strains on the spine and can result in restricted range of motion of spinal segments which may eventually cause pain.

Mechanical and structural changes such as a scoliosis can cause poor looking posture. However, poor posture can cause a ‘functional’ scoliosis which is a sideways curvature of the spine.

Bad posture can result in stress on the spine at certain levels. For instance the slouched position can put a lot of unnecessary loading on the middle back spinal region, which can lead to jutting forward of the head and jaw. This then leads to headaches and the inability to concentrate. Poor posture also can put strain on the low back, as poor posture goes hand in hand with poor lifting and carrying techniques. Heavy school bags and children sitting all day it is no wonder kids as early as 9 year olds can be suffering with posture pain.

What to Look For in Kids Posture

So, are there specific things that parents need to be specifically aware of when it comes to the way their child sits or stands?

Parents should look out in the newborn for the way they carry their head, whether it is always off to one side, or they prefer to feed on one side more than the other.

As the child gets older, from six months onwards, it is good to look at the way they are sitting, whether they are leaning off to one side more than the other. As the child learns to walk and gets more proficient at it, it is good to keep an eye on the walking pattern or, not putting as much pressure on one leg, or limping etc...

As the child gets older into the two years and upwards, this is the time when posture should be really looked after and taken notice of. Take a look at whether they are slumping their shoulders or appear to be very unbalanced. The same applies here when looking as the way they play with their toys and play games, are they always looking down, slumping the shoulders forward, or leaning off to one side. All of these could be due to problems in the neuromusculoskeletal system and should be assessed as soon as possible by an appropriate health professional